How do you prepare for Everest Base Camp trek

16 Jul, 2021 Himalaya Land Treks

Trekking through the captivating Himalayas and flaunting own self through the crown of the world is undoubtedly a "once in a lifetime" experience. The Base Camp of Everest lies spontaneously snowy at an altitude of 5,364m. Located in the beautiful Khumbu region, Everest Base Camp presents panoramic views of the Himalayas. It presents views of the majestic Himalayas like Ama Dablam (6,812m), Cho Oyu (8,201m), Nuptse (7,861m), Lhotse (8,516m), with Mt. Everest (8,848.86m), and many others.

The journey to elegance begins with the scenic flight to Lukla. Crossing the lush green forests of pine, juniper and rhododendron through the Sagarmatha National Park, the trail takes you to explore the native lifestyle of the human settlement at the world’s highest altitude, ‘Namche Bazaar.’ The first-hand experience of the unique Sherpa culture is offered by this trek. Visiting ethnic Himalayan hamlets and ancient monasteries are the major attraction of this trek. Mixing all the ingredients of beauty and adventure, Everest Base Camp gives back a lifetime memory to make love for nature. Exploring scenic mountain views, trekking the adventurous rocky snowy trials, experiencing unique Sherpa culture; are the major factors of attraction of the journey to Everest Base Camp.

Nmache Bazar at night
Namche Bazar night view

Trekking to the base of the world’s highest mountain, ‘Mt. Everest’ is challenging in itself. In this blog, we entirely discuss the necessary preparation you need to make before proceeding towards the base camp of Everest. Detailed information on the routeway needed to be followed, route difficulty, stop point, food items, equipment’s to carry with during the trekking journey is mentioned here.

Route difficulty

The very first question before planning for the Everest base camp trek is the trekking route difficulty. So, how difficult is the trek? EBC Trek is a moderately difficult trekking destination. You do not require professional or previous trekking experience to begin your trekking as it is a moderate trekking journey. Any person who is committed to walking 5-6 hours a day can easily access the trek. But altitude sickness may intervene in your journey. If you can trek continuously for 4-5 hours per day through the hills and valleys and if you do not have any chronic disease or altitude sickness then you are 90% prepared for the trek. Now all you need is to make the necessary packaging for your trip. While making a bag pack prepare it to make it as light and comfortable as possible so that it will be easier for you to travel throughout the journey.

How to get yourself prepared for the trek?

To make yourself prepared for the Everest base camp trek in the rocky land of the Himalayas, firstly you need to be physically fit. You must train yourself to walk for a longer time with heavy boots and a bag pack. To conquer the base camp trek you don’t need prior experience but make sure you have the strength to continue the journey. One month before the trek, it is recommended to practice whole body stretching exercises like squats, lunges, step-ups, push up, set up, splitting to increase the strength of your body. Aerobics will be the best option to balance your body and increase flexibility. Regular jogging and running will help you to adjust the oxygen level in your body. Practising meditation alongside will improvise your focus. This will help you overcome every obstacle that might come across the route. Proper strength, enough stamina and controlled focus are the three major ingredients that will make your journey successful. Not only for the Everest trek but any trek at any corner of the world can be conquered successfully with these three major things.

Time period to reach base camp of Everest

Everest Base Camp trek is a 12 days long trek. It takes 8 days to reach the Base camp and 4 days to return. It takes a longer time to reach Base camp to make the trekkers adjust with decreasing temperature. During autumn and spring, the temperature goes from 15-20 degrees Celsius in the daytime and 4 to -10 degrees Celsius at night time. During winter, the day temperature is about -5 degrees Celsius and -15 or even less at night time. So, to acclimatize trekkers for the sudden temperature change, the trek packages are designed accordingly.

Total Cost

The average cost to reach on foot of Everest is $1,750 for 15 days trekking package organized by Himalaya Land Treks. However, there could have some fluctuation in price according to the company, your accommodation requirements, food and personal expenses. As a result, you need to have some backup costs before travelling. 

Check Lists for the trek

  • A healthy body is foremost important for trekking
  • Down Sleeping bag provided by Himalaya Land Treks in Kathmandu
  • The first-aid kit; should contain lip salve, Aspirin, Band-Aids, anti-histamine, Imodium or similar tablets for mild cases of diarrhea.
  • Wet wipes for cleaning can be purchased in Kathmandu.
  • Re-hydration powder, extra prescription drugs you may be taking if any particular
  • Fleece jacket or pullover
  • Fleece Wind-Stopper jacket (optional)
  • Day pack (25-30 litre) to carry your personal needs during the trek
  • Torch/flashlight - headlamp style is ideal
  • Insect repellent, sunscreen, and lip balm
  • Refillable water bottle - Min 1 Liter Aluminum or Nalgene polypropylene are best
  • Warm Hat, Sunhat/bandana, Scarf, Sunglass, Gloves - wool or fleeced and gore-tex
  • Bag Liners to waterproof your bags (A duffel bag is provided to each trekker for trekking by Himalaya Land Treks in Kathmandu)
  • Wind and waterproof Jacket & Pants
  • Comfortable and sturdy walking shoes (worn frequently before departure)
  • Socks: thick wool blend and thin cotton to be worn in combination - ensure boots fit such a combination
  • Running shoes or sandals for the evening
  • Wool jumper/sweater/fleece. Lightweight during summer, 1 heavyweight or 2 lightweights during winter months
  • T-Shirts 3 or 4
  • Shirt Long Sleeved
  • Reading/ writing materials
  • Thermals Upper and lower
  • Extra warm clothing during winter ( December to March)
  • Backup money 
route of Everest base camp trek
Everest base camp trekking route

Trekking Route

The trek route followed during trekking to Everest Base Camp and stop point during the trek as per the itinerary proposed by Himalaya Land Treks for 12 days long trek is mentioned below in detail:

Day 1: You Fly to Lukla from Kathmandu, 30mins and trek to Phakding (2,610m/8,563ft)
Lukla to Phakding is a 4 hrs trek. You trek through the hills and the route difficulty is moderate. Phakding is the first stop of the Everest base camp trek. Here you stay overnight at the guesthouse with a proper facility of lodging and fooding.

Day 2: You will trek from Phadking to Namche Bazaar
Namche trekking from Phadking takes about 6 hours. Beginning from Phadking you will make your way into the Dudh Koshi River valley, through the verdant pine and cedar woodlands to reach the village of Monjo from where you enter the Sagarmatha National Park. From here, you will be trekking into the emerald forests of the Himalayan woods towards the famous Town of Namche Bazaar. The trek is a steady uphill journey and offers amazing views of the Kusum Khangkaru (6367m). Overnight you will stay at the guesthouse at Namche.

Day 3: Acclimatization at Namche Bazaar (3,440m/11,286ft)
This day is reserved for acclimatization. To make you adjust for the increase in altitude and prepare for a trek at a higher altitude, one-day acclimatization is done. On this day in Namche, you will visit the Sherpa Culture Museum of the town, and also have a quick visit to the Everest Photo gallery here. Plus, you will also hike to the Syangboche airstrip that is located above the town. You can also pay a visit to the Everest View Hotel- the highest located hotel in the world that boasts views of Mount Everest (8848m). Overnight you will stay at the guesthouse at Namche.

Day 4: Trek from Namche Bazaar to Tengboche (3,860/12,664ft)
From Namche, you will make your way in a beeline towards Tengboche, another famous village of the region. It is a 5hr trek. Passing by ridgelines and suspension bridges over the Imja River, you will eventually reach Tengboche, also known as the spiritual hub of Khumbu. Here, you will visit the Tengboche Monastery, one of the largest monasteries in the region. You can also enjoy mesmerizing views of the Ama Dablam (6856m) from here. That day you will stay at the guesthouse at Tengboche.

Day 5: Trek from Tengboche to Dingboche (4,410/14,469ft)
From Tengboche, you will be walking along the Imja River towards the summer valley of Dingboche- a beautiful village situated in the Imja Valley. It is a 6hr long trek. The trek route is moderately difficult and takes you uphill from the Himalayas. That day you will stay at the guesthouse at Dingboche.

Day 6: Acclimatization at Dingboche (4,410/14,469ft)
You arrive at Dingboche from an altitude of 3,860m. The further trek will have more rise in altitude. Hence to make trekkers adjust for the increased altitude and to prepare for a further rise in altitude, acclimatization is done at Dingboche. Here, you can explore the village and enjoy the traditional ambience the place offers, with its many Mani stones carved with prayers, Chortens and Prayer wheels lining the Stupas. You could relax as well, or you could also have a hike up the vantage point of the Nangkartshang (5616m) to enjoy panoramic views of the Imja Valley and the Everest ranges. Overnight stay at the guesthouse at Dingboche.

Day 7: Trek from Dingboche to Lobuche (4,910m/16,109ft).
It is a 4-5 hr trek. From Dingboche, you will be following the trail that winds alongside the Imja River towards Lobuche- a small settlement that is towered over by the Lobuche Peaks, from which the village also gets its name. The trek is rather moderate and you can also notice the terrain changing from greener pastures to rocky soils and snowy barren grounds. Overnight stay at the guesthouse at Lobuche.

Day 8: Trek from Lobuche to Gorakshep, explore Everest Base Camp (5,364m/17,598ft) and back to Gorakshep (5,140m/16,864ft).
This is one of the most anticipated days of the trek. You will be trekking to the base camp of Mount Everest this day. Trekking past the small sparsely populated settlement of Gorakshep, you will be heading the base camp, passing by the trail that meanders alongside the Khumbu Glacier Moraine. Once reaching the base camp, you can take in the grand moment, and enjoy your time there. You can see the Khumbu Icefall, Glacier, and many other mountains in the Everest range. After sending time at the base camp, you will return to Gorakshep. Overnight stay at Gorakshep. It is the most difficult and longest trek all day. You will trek for 8-9hrs continuously that day.

Day 9: Hike to Kala Patthar (5,545m/18,192ft) and trek to Pheriche (4,240m/13,911ft)
This is another most anticipated day of the trekking journey. The trek is 8-9hr long. It is one of the most unearthly and ethereal sights in the world. After enjoy that best moment of the trek at Kalapatthar, you will make your way back to Pheriche, trekking along the same pathway. Overnight stay at the guesthouse at Pheriche.

Day 10: Trek from Pheriche to Namche Bazaar (3,440m/11,280ft)
From Pheriche, you will trek along the familiar path back towards Namche Bazaar, taking in the beauty of the Himalayan woodlands and the towering peaks of the Sagarmatha, passing over the Imja River and crossing many suspension bridges along the way. You will trek for 6 hours and overnight you will stay at the guesthouse at Namche.

Day 11: Trek from Namche Bazaar to Lukla
From Namche, you will be trekking back to Lukla, passing by Monjo and exiting the national park. You will trek for 7hrs to reach Lukla. The trek is downhill and is comparatively easier than before. The mountains are always there for you on the horizon, rising high and watching over your journey like an ethereal natural being, albeit not being sentient. Overnight you will stay at Lukla.

Day 12: Fly back to Kathmandu from Lukla (1,300m/4,265ft)
You will return back waving goodbye to Everest massif. This day after returning back to Kathmandu you will stay at a 3-star Hotel. At Kathmandu, you can spend the rest of the day as you please, shopping or simply relaxing. You will also participate in a farewell dinner hosted by the Himalaya Land Treks at the end of the day, before your return back to your home country.

Lukla airport, the primary transportation medium to conquer Everest region treks.
Lukla Airport; also known as Tenzing Hillary Airport

While making sure every one of us enjoys the journey thoroughly, it is also necessary to make sure we do it safely which needs a planned itinerary and well-trained personnel. We, here at Himalaya Land Treks, have been doing so for over a decade and we assure you of a lovely adventure through the Himalayas.


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