How to Prepare for Your Upper Mustang Trek

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If you're planning to embark on an Upper Mustang trek, preparation is key. In order to ensure a successful and enjoyable trekking experience, both physical and mental preparation is required. As an SEO expert, I would like to provide you with optimized and unique content on how to prepare for your Upper Mustang trek.

Physical Preparation

Upper Mustang trek is a moderate to difficult trek that requires physical fitness. You need to be prepared to trek for around 6 hours a day. It is important to start exercising ahead of time to build up your strength and endurance. This will make trekking easier and prevent exhaustion. In addition, it is important to keep in mind that medical facilities are not readily available on the trekking trails. Therefore, if any emergencies arise, it is necessary to stay calm and take systematic steps like driving back to Jomsom or chartering a helicopter rescue.

Mental Preparation

Mental preparation is equally important. Trekking in the Upper Mustang can be a challenging experience. It is important to mentally prepare yourself for the long journey ahead. You may face some difficulties along the way, but staying focused and determined will help you overcome any obstacles.

Difficulty Level

The Upper Mustang trek is moderate to difficult. While it does not have steep ascents and descents, trekking for around 6 hours a day can be challenging. However, trekking along some low altitude treks beforehand can help you to adapt to the altitude of Upper Mustang. Proper clothing is also essential to ensure a comfortable trekking experience. This includes proper trekking boots, a warm-down jacket, and light trekking pants.


Upper Mustang treks require more planning than other treks in Nepal due to its remote location in a restricted region. You will need special permits for the trek. Proper coordination with the trekking agency is necessary to ensure obtaining the permits. You also need to plan to have at least one other companion with you on this trek. Cost consideration is also important as special permits, food, and lodging costs are not cheap. Therefore, proper planning is crucial.

What to Bring

When it comes to packing for your Upper Mustang trek, you need to be prepared for all types of weather conditions. Here is a list of essential items you should bring with you:

Documents and Money:

A valid passport and a few passport-sized photographs
Nepalese Visa
Travel insurance
Cash/Credit card (cash is recommended in the trek)


Warm hat, sunhat/bandana, scarf, sunglass, gloves - wool or fleeced and Gore-Tex
3-4 Long and short sleeve t-shirts
Heavy fleece or down jacket
Waterproof jacket with hood
Wind and waterproof jacket & pants
Comfortable and sturdy walking shoes (often worn before departure)
Running shoes or evening sandals
Hiking socks (ensure boots fit socks combination)
Wool jumper/sweater/fleece (1 lightweight during summer and one heavyweight or two lightweights during winter)
Long sleeve shirts
Top and bottom thermals
Extra warm clothes during winter (December to March)

Trekking Gear & Supplies

A duffel bag (provided to each trekker for trekking by Himalaya Land Treks in Kathmandu)
Waterproof day pack (25-30 liter) to carry your personal belongings during the day
Minimum 1-liter refillable aluminum or Nalgene polypropylene water bottle
Down (rated for -18 °C) sleeping bag (provided by Himalaya Land Treks in Kathmandu)
Trekking poles
Torch/flashlight - headlamp style is ideal

Health Care

Insect repellent, sunscreen, and lip balm
Wet wipes, toilet paper, and a first-aid kit are also essential items to pack. The first-aid kit should contain items such as bandages, antiseptic cream, painkillers, and any personal medications that you may require. It's also recommended to carry Diamox, a medication that helps prevent altitude sickness, in case of emergency.

It's important to stay hydrated during the trek, so carrying a minimum of 1-liter refillable aluminum or Nalgene polypropylene water bottle is necessary. It's also recommended to bring along rehydration powders to help replenish the lost electrolytes and minerals.

In addition, it's important to pack basic toiletries such as soap, toothbrush, toothpaste, shampoo, deodorant, and face lotion. Due to the arid climate of Upper Mustang, it's important to stay moisturized, and lip balm can also help prevent chapped lips.

Lastly, in the current pandemic situation, it is necessary to take extra precautions. Wearing masks, carrying hand sanitizer, and avoiding crowded places can help reduce the risk of getting infected.

What are the best seasons for Upper Mustang Trek?

The best seasons for Upper Mustang Trek are spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November). During these seasons, the weather is dry and stable, and the temperature is moderate, making it ideal for trekking. However, during the winter months (December to February), Upper Mustang receives heavy snowfall, and the temperature can drop to as low as -20°C, making it challenging to trek. Similarly, during the monsoon season (June to August), the trails can be muddy and slippery, making it difficult to trek.


Upper Mustang trek is a journey that requires preparation, planning, and proper gear. Physical fitness, proper clothing, and necessary supplies are crucial for the trek. It's also important to plan ahead and obtain the necessary permits, coordinate with a trekking agency, and consider the costs involved. With proper preparation and planning, Upper Mustang trek can be a rewarding and unforgettable experience.