About Nepal

Surrounded by the Himalayas, Nepal is a small landlocked country situated in Southern Asia. Enriched with natural gifts, diverse culture, and history, Nepal is also popular for the hospitality of Nepalese. The panoramic views of Himalayas, long trails of rivers, and steep hills provide a getaway people who are trying to take a break from their monotonous life with an adventure that is hard to forget.

Key Facts

  1. Location
    Nepal is situated between India and China in Southeast Asia. It lies in the Great Himalayan Range and the southern part of the country also lies in the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
  2. Geography
    Nepal prides itself in its diverse geography which includes fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, and some of the tallest mountains (including Mt. Everest|8848m). The country also boasts famous natural landmarks like the Kali Gandaki Gorge and the eight of the ten highest mountains in the world.
  3. Capital
    Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal. The city is rich in temples and cultural artifacts which have been recognized by UNESCO as world heritage sites.
  4. Area
    Covering 0.3% of Asia and 0.03% of the world, Nepal has an area of 147, 181 sq. km.
  5. Population
    The recent census which took place in 2011 stated the population of Nepal as being 31 million. 
  6. Political System
    Nepal is a federal parliamentary republic, with a federal parliamentary in power including National Assembly and House of Representatives. Politically, Nepal has recently been divided into 7 provinces.
  7. Major religion
    81.3% of the people in Nepal follow Hinduism, following 9% Buddhist, 4.4% Islam, 3% Kirant, 1.4% Christians, 0.4% Animists and 0.5% following other religions.
  8. Time Zone
    Nepal follows UTC+05:45 (i.e. Nepal Standard Time).
  9. Official Language
    Nepali is recognized as the official language in 6 of the provinces and Maithili and Bhojpuri are the official languages in Province 1.
  10. Working Hours
    Government offices mostly have the working hours from 10 am to 5 pm and Saturday is regarded as the day off.
  11. Electricity
    Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) is the authorized distributor of electricity in Nepal with 230V as the standard voltage.

Visa Information

You need to get a tourist visa to enter Nepal. You can apply for the On arrival Tourist Visa upon arriving at any of the air or land entry points. Alternatively, you can also obtain a Visa from the Nepali Diplomatic Missions which are is situated abroad. The Visa is valid for 3 months at maximum with multiple re-entry facilities. One can procure Nepalese visa for 15, 30, and 90 days respectively. The cost for these visas is USD 30, USD 50, and USD 125 respectively. For additional information regarding Visa and procurement of Visa, you can head to the official website of the Department of Immigration at Tourist Visa.

The cost of the changed visa fees can be found at Visa Fee Updates.

How to Reach

Tribhuvan International Airport is the only entry and exit point by air in Nepal since it is the sole international airport in the country. Choosing overland travel will leave you with the option to travel through either India or China. There are six land entry/exit points at the Nepal-India border and two entry/exit points at the Nepal-China border.

Popular Destinations to Visit

For trekkers and hikers, there are several trekking destinations. Everest, Annapurna, Langtang, Mustang, Dolpo, and Manaslu region are the famous trekking and mountaineering destinations. Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, and Lalitpur attract a lot of tourists for their rich cultural artifacts and temples. Similarly, Pokhara, Lumbini, Chitwan, Bandipur, and Ilam are popular destinations to tour. Pokhara, Kathmandu, and Mustang region are the hubs for adventure sports along with many river systems for water-based adventure sports.

Internet and Communication in the country

Internet and Wi-Fi services are widely and easily available in Nepal. The big cities like Kathmandu and Pokhara even offer public Wi-Fi services along with a fast and reliable internet connection. These services are also available in rural areas; however, the quality of the connection is not as reliable as those in the cities. So, the cellular network is the best choice when traveling around Nepal. There are three cellular network providers (i.e. NTC, Ncell and Smart Cell) in Nepal which have established a good communication network around the country. 

Local Currency and Foreign Exchange

The official currency of Nepal is NRs. (Nepalese Rupee) which is available as both banknotes and rupee coins. Banknotes of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, and 1000 are available whereas rupee coins of 1 and 2 are widely used. Foreign exchange rates apply as per the open market exchange rate and exchange of currency can be carried out in any bank. However, you should be careful when exchanging the currency in counters and authorized bodies around the country.  So, you must have updated info regarding the exchange rates which can be found at the official website of Nepal Rastra Bank

Weather and Climate

There are five climatic zones in Nepal i.e.tropical and subtropical, temperate, cold, subarctic and arctic zones all correlating to the altitudes they are found in. Each of these climatic zones offers a diverse range of climate, vegetation, and wildlife. The weather differs with the five seasons i.e. summer/monsoon, autumn, winter, and spring. Summer/Monsoon brings in huge rainfall along with great heat. Autumn offers moderate weather which is said to be the finest for traveling. Similarly, winter brings in cold weather whereas spring presents a combination of vibrant flora across the country.

People, Culture and Festivals

There is a diverse culture residing in Nepal which is why people from all kinds of cultural and religious backgrounds can be seen in Nepal. The culture across the country is influenced by the Tibetan culture in the north and Indian culture in the south. Regardless, there are many ethnic communities in the country which have their unique culture and traditions. The festivals that are celebrated are also diverse including some that are given annual holidays i.e. Dashain, Tihar, Chhath, Lhosar, Eid, Christmas, etc. 

Nepal Activities

  • Trekking in Nepal

    Trekking in Nepal

    Nepal is known for its mountains and the abundance of natural beauty it holds and is also call the c...

  • Tours in Nepal

    Tours in Nepal

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  • Peak Climbing

    Peak Climbing

    Nepal is widely known as the land of the Himalayas and is blessed with some of the tallest peaks in...

  • Heli Tours in Nepal

    Heli Tours in Nepal

    The unique mix of nature and culture is what makes Nepal stunning and one of a kind. Likewise, the d...

  • Shorts and Easy Treks in Nepal

    Shorts and Easy Treks in Nepal

    Nepal’s beauty is unparalleled and one of a kind thanks to the tremendous natural as well as c...

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