Situated on the Tibetan Plateau irrigated by the Brahmaputra River, Tibet is known for its authentic and traditional practice of Tibetan Buddhism. With an average elevation of 4500 meters, Tibet is also called The Roof of the World. Officially an autonomous state of China, Tibet is known to the border with the Great Himalayan Range to the south.
For foreigners traveling to Tibet, you must either procure a Chinese Visa or Tibet Group Visa. The China Visa can be obtained from the Chinese Embassy in foreign countries; however, the Group Visa is only issued from the Chinese Embassy in Kathmandu. You must also obtain a Tibet Travel Permit (TTP) to travel around Tibet. The TTP permit should be applied for 15 days before the travel and it required the China Visa documents as well.
There are two major ways to enter Tibet: via land and air. Similarly, China and Nepal are the only destinations from where travelers enter Tibet. From Nepal, you can travel to Tibet with a direct flight to Lhasa or by bus from the Sino-Nepal border. Another option of travel is through China. Qinghai-Tibet Railway is the cheapest route or you can take the train from other cities of China i.e. Beijing, Xining, Shanghai, Chengdu, Guangzhou. You can also decide to take a flight from Beijing, Shanghai or Chengdu.
Lhasa, the capital of Tibet is the most popular destinations to visit while in Tibet. The Potala Palace (Palace of Art), Jokhang Temple (The spiritual center of Tibet), Norbulingka (Summer Palace of Dalai Lama), Tashi Lhunpo Monastery (The largest monastery in Tibet) are the cultural attraction aroundLhasa. For trekkers and hikers, Namtso (Heavenly Lake), Yamdrok Lake (Sacred Lake), Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon, Everest Base Camp, Mt. Kailash (6636m), Lulang Forest are some of the most popular attractions in Tibet.
An Internet connection and other communication networks relativelydecent in Tibet. Internet cafes and Wi-Fi offer internet connectivity whereas cellular network is also a reliable option for internet and communication. However, social media sites like Facebook, Viber, and Twitter are banned in the country. So, travelers must install VPN applications before entering Tibet to use such sites.
Renminbi (RMB) or Chinese Yuan is the official currency of Tibet and its exchange facilities are only supported by China or some upscale hotels in Tibet. Only a few places are found in Lhasa where you can exchange the foreign currency into local currency. You can also exchange your currency into Chinese Yuan in Nepal before you head to Tibet.
The climate of Tibet is known to be generally dry. Tibet also sees very little rainfall since the Himalayas act as the barrier for monsoon rain. Seasonal variation is minimumso, the weather is generally cold and dry. Thus, travelers must pack accordingly when they travel around Tibet.
Mostly, only Tibetan people are found in Tibet along with some Chinese, Chinese Muslims, Monba, Lhoba, and other minor nationalities. Most of these people follow Tibetan Buddhism along with a few following Islam, Hinduism,and Christianity.Lhosar (Tibetan New Year), Smom-Lam, Tsong-Kha-pa are some of the festivals celebrated by Tibetans.